How to write an introduction for a science fair research paper

Background
Contents:
  1. How to Write an Introduction
  2. Sample Research Paper
  3. How to Write a Science Fair Project Abstract

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Your background research should be fairly comprehensive at this point and will be the single largest component of your research proposal. You should focus on your research on relevant past studies that inform your work either by identifying areas for future research or by identifying limiting factors in their own research. You should also research past experiments that support or attempt to disprove your working theory.

Finally, your research should clearly show why the project is relevant. What is important about it?

How to Write an Introduction

What does it add to the field? Why should we care? If not, and you are producing a general research proposal, follow this format:. This should be a one-paragraph description of the project, your hypothesis, and the goals of your experiment. Here, you provide a brief overview of your project for anyone who is skimming your work.

Sample Research Paper

This is the bulk of your proposal. You will discuss previous discoveries in your field, including how they were made and what they lend to your current work. You will also show what is interesting and ground-breaking about your research idea. Be wary of using the Internet, as many sources are unverified. If you are using online resources, be sure to verify their source. Published, peer-reviewed scholarly articles are best. This is the working theory that you are testing and what you expect the results will be, based off what you have learned through your background research.

Summarize your experimental design, specifically referring to how you will control and replicate the experiment. Also list the equipment and materials that you will need for undertaking your experiment. Here, you will reiterate how your proposed research will advance knowledge in the scientific field and outline any potential longterm impact that your work could have on theory or practice within the field. List all sources used in appropriate format. After you submit the research proposal, it will be reviewed by your teacher or a science fair administrator or adviser.

It will be approved, rejected, or returned for revisions based on its feasibility, value to the scientific field, and adherence to the science fair rules and regulations. While larger, more selective science fairs will have to select only a limited number of candidates based on the merits of their research proposals, it is fairly uncommon for a science fair research proposal to get completely denied at the school level. Usually, in these cases, your proposal will be returned to you with requests for edits or further clarification. You have most likely consulted with your teacher or adviser throughout the process of developing your proposal, so nothing should come as a complete surprise when you receive feedback.

If your proposal is returned for revisions, you should feel encouraged. While you still have some work to do, this is generally a sign that with a few tweaks, your proposal will be accepted. Meet with a teacher, mentor, or adviser to review the revisions requested and address each thoroughly before returning the proposal for another round of review.

If your proposal is accepted, congratulations! While your proposal itself was probably a time-consuming endeavor, your research will ultimately be easier for having taken the time and care to craft a precise proposal. That means making sure that the topic you choose not only interests you but also can be researched in the amount of time you have. Once you have identified your testable question, next develop a timeline to manage how you will test it. Build into your project some extra time to accommodate unexpected problems.

These might include taking a big test, getting the flu or having to leave town for a family event. If you will be taking part in a large science fair, you may have to fill out entry forms and review your research plan with your sponsor. Allow time for that. Budget time for that. And allow plenty of time to experiment and collect data.

Sometimes experiments raise more questions than they answer — and require even more experimenting. This all takes time.

Introduction to Science Fair Background Research Paper

Finally, you may have to write a paper that pulls together your findings. Or you may need to create a display or poster that presents your data and findings.


  • Rules for and example of notes.;
  • The Society.
  • Steps to Writing an A-Level Science Fair Research Paper;
  • Why Is an Abstract Important??
  • Science Fair Research Paper.
  • How to Make a Rough Draft on Science Projects.
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To make it a testable hypothesis, you could add experimental details: "Plants which are given a solution with 1ml of fertilizer grow faster than plants without fertilizer because they are given more nutrients. Designate a section in your report for explaining your research design. Sometimes this is titled "Procedure" or "Materials and Methods". The purpose of this section is to provide your reader with exactly how you conducted your experiment. Explain all of the materials used and the exact procedure used during the experiment. Someone should be able to repeat your experiment exactly from reading this section.

This section is an extremely crucial documentation of your methods of analysis.

Step 2 - Write the Draft

Describe all the materials needed to conduct the experiment. This can simply be a list or a few paragraphs of description. Describe any lab equipment used such as the size, brand, and type. It is often helpful to include a diagram of how these materials were set up.

Additionally, explain what you used as your research material. Make sure you include the quantity of all objects used in the experiment. Describe the exact procedure you used. Write this in terms of detailed steps. Write down, step by step, a set of detailed instructions on how you did the experiment. Describe any steps you took to reduce experimental uncertainty.

This could be the use of extra controls or restrictions, or precautions. Describe these here. If you used a published laboratory method, be sure to provide a reference for the original method.

Remember the goal of this section is so the reader can repeat exactly what you did in your experiment. No detail should be left out. Designate a section of your report for your results. This will be the bulk of your report. In this section you should describe the results of both qualitative and quantitative methods of analysis. Make sure data is both graphed or diagrammed as well as described. All graphs and diagrams should have a number and title. Include any statistical tests and their results in this section.

You would also want to describe the result. For example "Plants which were given a concentration of 1ml of fertilizer grew an average of 4 cm taller than those that were not given fertilizer.

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How to Write a Science Fair Project Abstract

Tell the reader why a result is significant to the experiment or problem. This will allow the reader to follow your thinking process. Compare your results to your original hypothesis. State whether or not your hypothesis was supported or not by your experiment. Quantitative data is anything that expressed in terms numerical forms such as percentages or statistics. Qualitative data is derived from broad question and is expressed in the form of word responses from study participants.